Patches of brownish or grayish skin on the face are common signs of melasma. This skin discoloration condition mostly affects women, but it can be a problem for anyone. The exact cause of melasma is not always known, but it is linked to sun exposure and hormonal changes. For those who want to fade the darker skin patches of melasma, treatment is available. 4Beauty Aesthetic Institute for Plastic Surgery offers cosmetic skin treatments for melasma at our med spa in Miami, FL.
Causes and Symptoms of Melasma
Hormone fluctuations and sun exposure are the two causes linked to melasma. This discoloration of the skin often occurs in pregnant and menopausal women who have changes in their hormones, but it can also target young women using birth control pills. The discoloration of the skin can occur slowly and in distinct patterns. Those with darker skin tones who have more melanocytes in their skin are prone to melasma and hyperpigmentation. Symptoms include darker patches of brown or grayish-brown skin on the face, usually the chin, forehead, cheeks and above the upper lip.
Prevention of Melasma
Melasma occurs on skin that has extensive sun exposure. While brown patches can occur on the arms, hands and other exposed skin areas, the face is the most common place melasma occurs. Wearing sunscreen whenever you are outdoors can minimize sun exposure and triggering melasma. If other people in your family have melasma, you may be more prone to this condition. Protecting your skin from the sun can help minimize skin discoloration and hyperpigmentation.
Types of Melasma Treatments
Our aesthetic team at 4Beauty Aesthetic Institute for Plastic Surgery offers a variety of skin treatments to fade dark skin patches caused by melasma. Topical creams can fade brown patches in some patients, but it is not always effective. For more severe hyperpigmentation, melasma treatments may include a chemical peel or laser skin treatments to remove darker pigmented skin cells and restore an even tone to the skin.
Both chemical peels and laser treatments can be effective in removing pigmented skin. Both procedures can be performed at our clinic in Miami. Deeper chemical peels can remove the superficial skin cells to reveal rejuvenated skin, but there is some downtime required as the skin flakes off and heals from the treatment. Laser skin treatments can also be used to remove darkened skin, and recovery depends on the type of laser treatment used. Depending on the extent of hyperpigmentation, multiple sessions of laser treatments or peels may be required to obtain the desired results.
Dr. Mendieta has been featured on numerous domestic and international television programs and publications, as well as a frequent lecturer in various professional society meetings.
Melasma Treatment FAQs
How soon will I see results from melasma treatment?
It depends on the type of treatment you use. Topical creams can take a few months to significantly fade melasma patches. Chemical peels and laser skin treatments work faster, usually producing results in about one to two weeks after the skin flakes or peels away and heals, but multiple treatments may be needed to completely remove hyperpigmentation.
Will melasma come back after treatment?
There is not a cure for melasma, but it can be managed and improved. Treatments will fade the darkened skin cells, but sun exposure and hormone changes can result in more hyperpigmentation. A combination of treatments can improve the appearance of the skin and should be combined with prevention methods to reduce new melasma patches from forming.
Will melasma go away on its own?
In some cases, melasma may fade on its own. Pregnant women who have melasma often have their skin return to normal after pregnancy. However, for ongoing hormonal changes like menopause, it is unlikely melasma will go away on its own without treatment and prevention methods.